Rituals play a central role in the development of individual and collective identity. This is particularly true for young people, who are tractable to a great extent. Rituals are productive. While they were previously made a subject of discussion under the aspects of stereotyping, rigidity and violence, this examination concentrates on productive moments of rituals that contribute to making and forming the identity of communities and individuals. In ritual processes, the body, the senses and the performative actions of all parties involved play an important role. Rituals serve the community as a medium for generating and dealing with differences, for overcoming crises and for structuring transitions.
Our ethnographic study shows how social relationships are formed in performative processes of rituals and ritualisations. In this sense, the focus is on the dramaturgy and organisation of ritual interactions and their effects, on scenic-mimetic expressivity, on the performance and staging character, and on the practical knowledge of social action.
Four central socialisation fields of performative ritual action are analysed: the living environment of the family, transitions in everyday school life, games children play at recess and media stagings of peer groups. Ritual action is also defined as practical mimetic knowledge, and the city is characterised as performative space..
A space for rituals: the family as a performative unit
Rituals in daily school life
GoGo performance in the playground
The creation of peer group identity through TV adverts and popular shows
The role that mimesis plays in rituals
The creation of social cohesion in rituals
Some results of the Berlin Study on rituals
The city as a performative space
Christoph Wulf, Birgit Althans, Kathrin Audehm, Constanze Bausch,
Michael Göhlich, Stephan Sting, Anja Tervooren, Monika Wagner-Willi,
and Jörg Zirfas